In the beginning of all things
wisdom and knowledge were with the hill.
The four elements are the basic substances that make up life on this planet. They were classified by the Ancient Greeks as Fire, Air, Earth and Water. This categorization influenced European thought well into the Renaissance period, and still remains important in modern magic and astrology. For example, the twelve horoscopes are divided into Fire Signs (Aires, Leo, Sagittarius); Earth Signs (Taurus, Virgo, Capricorn); Air Signs (Gemini, Libra, Aquarius); and Water Signs (Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces).
FIRE (Ignis) is plasma matter that can manifest as both hot and dry. Galen associated it with yellow bile and the choleric body. It is a positive power – or a destructive influence – depending on how it is used. Fire is also a transformer that can turn into heat, light, smoke, and ash, and is the energy that brings about change. Magicians use fire spells to inspire drive and motivation, particularly in the pursuit of passion or ambition.
AIR (Aer) – a gaseous matter – contains both wet and hot properties. Galen believed it was related to the blood and created the sanguine body. Air is a detaching element associated with the mind. For this reason it is used in magic to enhance human intellectual powers and inspire creativity.
EARTH (Terra) is dry and cold, a feminine solid matter. In Galen’s philosophy it partnered black bile and the melancholic humor. But Earth is also a binding element, and while it can freeze, liquefy, or dry into other states, it always retains the ability to return to its natural form. Because it represents the grounded soul, earth spells are used for guilt-free material gain, and personal happiness.
WATER (Aqua) is the cold, wet element that manifests as a liquid matter. Galen connected water with a phlegmatic imbalance of the humors. This substance not only nurtures and sustains all life on the planet but it also contains magnetic properties. It is a mystical element used by practitioners for communing with divine spirits.
Aristotle studied the heavens and decided to add a fifth element he named Aether. His concept of ETHER sounds like stardust – the substance beyond the material world that is heavenly and unchangeable. Some modern magicians believe this is the stuff from which all magic is made – that spells function by directing the energy in our own bodies to manipulate the flow of Ether as it swirls about the universe.
Perhaps Joni Mitchell’s Woodstock song is right in claiming:
“We are stardust
Billion year old carbon” . . .
Rees, Matthew. “A Metaphysical Theory of Magic” at http://www.sabledrake.com/2000a/metaphysical_magic.htm
“Fire, Water, Air, Earth” at http://www.spiritualknowledge.net
Wikipedia: “Classical Elements” and various Wiccan, Pagan, and Magic websites.
According to the Jewish Midrash’s explanation for the two separate accounts of the Creation Story, Adam’s first wife was a woman called Lilith. She was made of the same soil as man and therefore was his equal. But when Adam tried to dominate Lilith she rebelled, fled the Garden of Eden, and abandoned her mate to consort with more submissive demons instead. So God created another mate for Adam and called her Eve.
From the Sixth Century BC, Lilith was portrayed as a female demon who killed infants and threatened women in childbirth, and perhaps because of this association the scriptures began partnering Lilith with Samael (Satan), making her the Queen of Evil. Her Hebrew name translates into “night creature,” “night monster,” “night hag,” and “screech owl” – and only the three angels Senoy, Sansenoy, and Semangelof can protect against her wicked powers.
In the Middle Ages the Catholic Church identified Lilith (and her daughters, the Lilim) with female succubae – demons who copulate with sleeping men, causing their erotic dreams. Contrasting with the pure, submissive, Holy Mother, Lilith was a disobedient, lustful sinner who used her sexuality to seduce and ruin men. Her evil stems from being willful – a dangerous threat to patriarchal order and stability.
Mirrors were the direct entrance into Lilith’s realm. Vanity allowed Lilith and her daughters to enter an unsuspecting maiden through her eyes, then lure her into all manner of wild, promiscuous behavior.
In some cultures Lilith is the wind-witch. She brings storms, sickness, and nighttime predators. She is bird-like – often depicted with talons and wings – and the name Lil is also associated with the Sumerian word for “wind”‘ “air,” or “storm.”
Today, however, some wiccans and occultists worship Lilith as the “first mother.”
Brunel, Pierre. Companion to Literary Myths, Heroes, and Archetypes. London and New York: Routledge, 1996.
Merriam-Webster’s Encyclopedia of World Religions. Massachusetts: Merriam-Webster, 1999.
Witcombe, Christopher: “Eve and the Identity of Women” (7) http://witcombe.sbc.edu/eve-women/7evelilith.html
The Harry Potter book series made magic wands the must-have addition for any aspiring wizard. But what exactly are they? Do they work? And if so, how?
In J.K. Rowling’s world, wands are mystical tools made from a wide variety of wood. At the core is a magical talisman from some mythical creature such as a phoenix feather, dragon heartstring, or unicorn hair. And as Hermione tells Harry, you do not choose the wand – the wand chooses you. Rowling’s sticks contain supernatural powers that assist the youngsters in casting various spells, and seem inspired by a few elements from European folklore and a good deal of literary license!
Traditionally, the wand was associated with wizard’s staff and the monarch’s scepter, and may have first originated as a phallic symbol. It has also been suggested it derived from the shaman’s drumming sticks, which were widely used as pointers in magical ceremonies. The first literary reference appeared in Homer, when Circe used a wand to turn Odysseus’ men into wild pigs.
But how do the facts differ from the fiction?
* Wands are usually made from wood, but they can also be made of stone or metal depending on the type of spell required. For example, copper wands are used in healing.
* These rods are tools used to focus the power of the wizard but they do not work magic by themselves. They guide and direct human energy to the proper, desired place.
* Wands are associated with the element of air (and sometimes fire).
* Spirals are sometimes incorporated into their design to represent the beginning and end of everything. They also create a vortex that harnesses energy.
* Each wand is unique. They are quasi-sentient – inanimate objects with animate characteristics.
* They can be used for protection, empowerment, healing, and love spells.
* Beginners should use flexible wands made from ash or willow. Experts may graduate to hard woods like ebony and oak.
* Wands need to be cleansed on a regular basis to keep their energy strong and pure.
* They can be recharged in sunlight or full moonlight.
* Power builds up in the handle and is released through the tip.
* Whatever you send out to others comes back three times stronger – therefore a magician should always send out blessings instead of curses!
But do they actually work? You tell me . . .
“Wand” – Wikipedia. Accessed 4/2/2015.
http://www.magicwandsofwizardry.com. Accessed 4/2/2015.